Each and every year, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Place of work (USPTO) reviews hundreds of patent programs involving artificial intelligence (A.I.), the main know-how at the rear of so numerous shopper goods and industrial innovations right now. As fascination in A.I. patents grew and the definition of A.I. broadened in modern several years, it’s tough to retain an precise tab of every single A.I. patent heading by way of the method and keep track of how the trend alterations more than time. To deal with that challenge, the USPTO just lately used its own A.I. capabilities to identify A.I.-related patents from as early as the 1970s in a sea of documents.
Earlier this month, the USPTO’s Place of work of the Main Economist (OCE) released a pair of data documents known as the Artificial Intelligence Patent Dataset (AIPD), produced applying a equipment mastering method that analyzed patent text and citations in all U.S. patent documents recorded considering that 1976. One of the information identifies patents issued and pre-grant publications (PGPubs) published among 1976 and 2020 that have 1 or additional of 8 A.I. know-how parts below the USPTO’s definition.
People factors contain expertise processing, speech, A.I. hardware, evolutionary computation, organic language processing, machine discovering, vision and organizing and command.
The 2nd facts file contains the patent files utilised to educate the device understanding versions.
The facts display a constant enhance in A.I. adoption about the earlier four many years, with a notable inflection place going on in the a long time among 1999 and 2002, the implementation period of the American Inventors Security Act (AIPA).
“In the 16 several years from 2002 to 2018, annual A.I. patent applications enhanced by a lot more than 100 percent, increasing from 30,000 to a lot more than 60,000 yearly,” in accordance to a USPTO report revealed in Oct 2020, which cited an previously edition of the dataset. “Over the very same interval, the share of all patent purposes that contain A.I. grew from 9 per cent to nearly 16 %.”
Companies that individual the most A.I. patents in the U.S. include IBM, Microsoft and Google.
Comparing the A.I.-created success with manual overview by patent examiners with focused knowledge in A.I., researchers located that the machine discovering tactic used “achieves condition-of-the-artwork general performance throughout present possibilities in the literature,” USPTO researchers wrote in a paper published this thirty day period.
“We consider releasing this dataset will bolster plan formulation, stimulate further empirical work, and deliver researchers with a typical base for developing empirical awareness on the determinants and impacts of A.I. invention.”