This year marks the 75th anniversary of India’s independence. India’s independence was achieved after 200 years of slavery. Britain plundered India for two centuries. According to an economic survey, the British looted about ট্র 45 trillion from India. The British stole valuables not only from India but also from other countries. Today in this article we will learn about the 9 most valuable things stolen by the British.
1) Kohinoor: A 105.6 metric carat diamond, weighing 21.6 grams, belonged to the peacock throne of the Mughal emperors. Which was excavated at the Kollu mine in the present day state of Andhra Pradesh. It was originally 693 carats when it was not cut. Diamond experts from all over the world have named it the Mountain of Light. In 1849, after the British created the East India Company in India, it was handed over to Queen Victoria.
In 1852, Queen Victoria resized the Kohinoor diamond. And it was held on many special occasions. It is currently housed in the Jewel House in the Tower of London. Kohinoor is one of the oldest and most famous diamonds in the world.
2) Tipu Sultan’s Ring: In 1899, Tipu Sultan, the ruler of Mysore, was defeated by the British. The colonists stole his sword and ring from his body. However, the sword was returned to India.
But in 2014, the British auctioned off the ring for ৪ 145,000. According to Christie’s website, the 41.2-gram ring was sold at an auction in central London to an unknown bidder for about 10 times its estimated value. The ring was engraved with the name of the Hindu god Rama in Devanagari.
3) Shahjahan’s Wine Cup: The cup of white jade wine belongs to the emperor Shahjahan of Mughal Empire. Who built the Taj Mahal in honor of his beloved queen. The flower at the bottom of the jar is a lotus, the leaves are acanthus and an animal which is a goat with horns and beard.
In the 19th century, Colonel Charles Seton Guthrie stole this beautiful wine cup and sent it to Britain. It has been housed in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London since 1982.
4) Rosetta Stone: Rosetta Stone, a basalt block 114 cm high and 72 cm wide. Which was made by Pharaoh Ptolemy of Granodiorite. This BC stone is written in 3 different Egyptian languages. Napoleon Bonaparte received this inscription from Egypt.
It was acquired by the British in the early 1800’s after the defeat of the French army. In later decades, Egyptian authorities asked Britain to return the Rosetta Stone, but it was never returned. The Rosetta Stone has been housed in the British Museum in London since it was brought to England.
5) Huea brasilensis seeds: British explorer Henry Wickham stole 6000 seeds from a rubber tree. It can grow up to 140 feet (43 m) in height from the Royal Botanic Garden Hevia Brasiliensis in the Santarem region of Brazil.
6) Benin Bronze: Modern Nigeria was formerly known as the Kingdom of Benin. After the Benin invasion in 1967, the British stole more than 200 scriptures and kept them in museums. The rest are housed in other museums in Europe.
7) Hatio PI Manuscripts: After defeating Ethiopian Emperor Tevodros II at the Battle of Magdala in 179, the British adopted the scriptures which were the primary cause of the war. To bring the manuscripts back to Ethiopia, an association called the Association for the Return of Magdala Ethiopian Treasures was formed.
The exhibition features 12 Ethiopian religious manuscripts collected by the British Library, depicting the paintings, font art and religious heritage of the Tevahedo Church in Ethiopia.
6) Elgin Marble: In 1803, Lord Elgin took the 2,500 year old marble from the Parthenon Wall to London. Elgin claimed that he had taken the marble with proper permission, but was unable to substantiate his claim with any legal documents.
Greece asked the British to return the marbles but they did not return the marbles. These are still in the British Museum today. At a distance of 75 meters from the fridge carved under the direction of Athenian Parthenon marble, Greek sculptor Phidias and other temple metop, it is known as ‘Elgin Marble’ in the UK. Because they were removed from the monument and brought to the island by the British.
9) Amravati Marble: Amravati stone is now in the British Museum in London. The British Museum in London has unveiled 70 pieces depicting India’s famous Amravati sculpture. It was excavated by the British about 140 years ago. The statues were shipped from Madras to Britain in 1859. The statues have been in the basement of the museum for more than 30 years.